COMMUNITY-LED TOTAL SANITATION
Community-led total sanitation (CLTS ) is an approach to achieve sustained behavior change in mainly rural people by a process of “triggering” leading to spontaneous and long-term abandonment of open defecation practices
The UNICEF manual approved for use in CLTS suggests the following steps for the triggering process:
Visit the community, emphasising that it is for learning about their sanitation situation
Facilitate ‘Kaka Mapping’ – which involves drawing the main sites in the village then the main sites for defecation
Pretend to leave
Facilitate the ‘Walk of Shame’ – walking with community to the sites of Open Defecation
Take a piece of faeces in a bag
Put faeces on the floor in front of the community and discuss the way flies move between food and faeces
Wait for the shocked understanding that the community is ‘eating’ the faeces
Put some faeces into a water bottle and ask community if they would drink it
Calculate how much faeces is produced each day and asks where it goes
Wait for the emergence of “Natural Leaders” to work with to develop a plan of action.
The idea of the triggering process is to stimulate disgust in the villagers by physical demonstration of the sanitation problems. At the ‘ignition’ phase, the villagers are expected to realise that there is a real sanitation problem and that they need to do something about it. Natural Leaders are people from the community who are engaged by the process and who are seen to be people who can drive change.
After a positive response to the ignition phase, NGO facilitators work with communities to deliver sanitation services by providing information and guidance relevant to the local situation.
We are ranked as the most highest county with Open defacation,,so we have taken a step to create awareness to the public and request them to use latrines and toilets