Drugs have been use since immemorial but their use have also heightened at current 21st century. Drug abuse is not a strange issue , its common among youths.Abuse of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs is costly to our nation and in costs related to crime, lost work productivity and health care.lifestyle and drug abuse are interconected, and most of the teenagers are indulged into drug use either through peer pressure or imitating from other students.Remember imitating negative things is like losing direction which resembles a windmill that rotates to direction that wind dictates.
Ecomically drug use is adding up to the domestic expenses. Take for instance a cigarette smoker whose basic salary is 249 dollars per month and that fellow is smoking one packet aday which cost 0.1 dollar over thirty days ,approximately 3 $ used per month and 36 $ dollars are wasted annually on cigarette smoking only which could have saved and used for medical insurance to cover for the family.To make the mater worst, the use of alcohol and cigarette smoking concurrently will leave the family bare handed.
Health point of view, alcohol and tobacco use both smoked and smokeless, are the contributing factors to lifestyle diseases ,usual non- communicable -these includes cardiovascular and multiple cancers. The later mostly lung cancer is more dangerous as far smoking is concern. Cigarette smoke contains nicotine –substance in cigarette smoke trigger chemical reactions in nerve endings, which heighten heart rate, alertness, and reaction time, among other things. Therefore,the resulting smoke is then inhaled and the active substances absorbed through the alveoli in the lungs which then stimulated the release of dophine and endorphins hormones into the blood stream which are often associated with pleasure.
The health effect of alcohol and cigarette
Cardiovascular disease: drinking of alcohol heavily can cause clumping of platelets resulting blood clot which consequently cause coronary heart attack or stroke.Alcohol can disrupt the sympathetic nervous system , which, among other things, controls the constriction and dilation of blood vessels in response to stress, temperature, exertion and cause high blood pressure
Liver cirrhosis: Detoxification is the major function of the liver. Alcohol is toxic to hepatocytes as the liver is trying to get rid of toxicant from the blood enhance damaging the liver
Anaemia:Heavy taking of alcohol reduces the carrying capacity of haemoglobin which then subjects to the risk of developing anaemic condition
Mental health:Excessive consumption of alcohol can cause loss of memory which described as dementia as a result of shrinking brain cells.depression is said to be closely related to alcohol drinking, most of the people who are depressed take alcohol to relieve themselves from grief and painful emotions.
Cigarette smoking consequences
Every cigarette you smoke damages your breathing and scars your lungs. Smoking causes:
- Multiple cancers
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a disease characterized by persistent wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness
- Chronic bronchitis, which causes inflamation of the lining of your bronchial tubes. When this happens, less air flows to and from your lungs.
Heavy taxation :The govern ment should impose heavy taxation on both cigarette and brewery companies to eliminated cheap cigarettes and beer.Also licesing of those companies is vital such that to assure standards compliance .
Anti-drug abuse campaign
The program is designed mainly to suit the target population needs and promote health education for behavioural change.To advocate for lifestyle change, its fundamental to suppress dramatically increase of drug abuse among teenagers through institutional health.